About the profession
The profession of a cardiovascular surgeon conditionally has 2 directions: cardiac surgery and vascular surgery. A specialist of the first direction performs surgical treatment of congenital and acquired valvular heart diseases, arrhythmias, coronary heart disease and its complications, and deals with the problems of heart transplantation. This specialist is engaged in the so-called intervention on the "open" heart. In turn, a vascular specialist is responsible for eliminating the pathologies of arteries and veins. His task is to master the skills of reconstructive operations aimed at restoring adequate blood supply to the body. In heart and vessels surgery a surgeon of the relevant direction closely interacts with all members of the operating team – general surgeon, anesthesiologist, resuscitation expert. It may be necessary to cooperate with an arrhythmologist, who is competent for the treatment of arrhythmic manifestations, which can arise as a result of direct interference in the work of the heart. A cardiovascular surgeon comes to help when conservative methods of treatment no longer cope with this pathology and cannot help a patient.
The programme includes practical professional activities in the field of cardiovascular surgery, pedagogical and research work. Scientific research is conducted under the supervision of leading Russian scientists.
The students undertake the internship in the profession-oriented departments of the Institute of Medicine and in the leading multidisciplinary medical institutions in Moscow and the Moscow region.
Graduates can perform their activities in specialized healthcare institutions providing medical care to patients with cardiovascular diseases, as well as in multidisciplinary medical institutions with specialized treatment and diagnostic departments (Centers) to assist patients with cardiovascular diseases.
Having successfully mastered the educational programme, a graduate can combine research activities with the career in the pedagogical and professional environment.
The status of the expert enables to hold key positions in educational, state and commercial organizations; to develop and continue research activities.