About the profession
In the modern world, the main problem for all states is the rational use of natural resources. This is due to the lack of almost all types of resources: mineral, energy, biological, soil, water, territorial. Almost all conflicts in the modern world, including the military, are due to the desire to control certain resources. In addition to the lack of resources, a huge problem is a rational use of available resources, their protection, economy, efficient and multiple uses based on compliance with the laws of nature on the circulation of substances in the biosphere, which has no waste.
Irrational use of natural resources is primarily associated with low efficiency of their use, which leads to the depletion of their reserves, as well as to the accumulation of large amounts of toxic waste in the process of their production, processing and use, which poses a threat to the existence of the environment and humanity itself. In this regard, the development of environmental knowledge, environmental management and environmental protection is of great importance worldwide. Ecology is one of those sciences that bring together in one system the data obtained by different sciences and is designed to reflect the real relationship between the diverse phenomena of the real world. In modern ecology, the range of issues to be discussed requires the involvement of knowledge of biology, chemistry, geography, geology, soil science, physics, mathematics, geoinformation technologies and other sciences. At the same time, the profession requires knowledge of the interaction between the various components of environmental systems and integration with the social environment of the economy and environmental management practices. This is important for the successful implementation of the concept of environmental management for sustainable development of society.
The objects of professional activity of graduates of Master’s studies are: natural, anthropogenic, climatic, environmental, economic, industrial, social, territorial public systems and structures at the global, national, regional and local levels, as well as state planning, control, monitoring, examination of environmental components of all forms of economic activities; education and the health of the population, demographic processes, sustainable development programs at all levels.
The purpose of the Master's program "Environmental management" - the development of students’ personal qualities and the formation of general cultural (general scientific, social, personal, instrumental) competencies, training of highly qualified specialists with deep knowledge in the field of ecology and environmental management. All this should allow the graduate, who has received advanced professional education and possesses universal and specialized competencies, to work successfully in the chosen field of activity, and it will contribute to social mobility and stability in the labour market. In general, the program is focused on environmental management, conservation of natural resource potential and proper planning of its use.
- Philosophical problems of natural history
- Computer technologies and statistical methods in ecology and environmental management
- Modern problems of ecology and environmental management
- Comprehensive assessment of the natural and industrial potential of the territory
- Environmental management standards
- Engineering and environmental surveys and expertise in environmental management
- Eco-design and risk analysis
- Industrial toxicology
- Information technologies in environmental management
- Regional geo-ecological assessment of territories
- Radioecological safety of the territory
Students undergo an internship at the Institute of Geoecology RAS; Institute of Geography RAS; Institute of Oceanology Southern Branch of the RAS; Institute Hydroproject “RusHydro” JSC; “United Geological Company” JSC; Scientific-industrial enterprise “Singos” JSC; «NIPII ET Energotransproekt» JSC; Institute of Water Problems of the North Karelian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Center for Marine Research of the Moscow State University, White Sea Biological Station; Mosecomonitoring; Department of Environmental Management and Environmental Protection of Moscow, etc.
The educational program is focused primarily on labour markets in the manufacturing sector, housing and communal services (positions of ecologists, labour protection experts, industrial and environmental safety), scientific, consulting and project organizations, governing bodies. Activities in the field of ecology and organization of environmental management are in great demand in all regions of the country, in all sectors of the economy. The development of the labour market is connected with the interest of the production sector in improving the environmental characteristics of production, popularizing the ideas of a green economy, sustainable development, environmental ethics. Graduates successfully work in the production sphere, executive and legislative authorities, possessing knowledge in the field of technical facilities and equipment used in landscape and environmental monitoring and expert examination; environmental law; determination of social efficiency of environmental management; assessment models and maps of natural conditions and resources; ecological problems of rational development of subsoil (subsoil use); organization of the solution of regional problems of environmental management; development of territorial schemes for environmental protection; environmental management in the system of forms of interaction between society and the natural environment; anthropogenic transformation of the natural environment and environmental management system; environmental and geographical expertise and assessment of the impact of various types of economic activities on the environment; environmental monitoring; environmental management, in the field of higher environmental education.