Geoinformation Systems in the Development of Territory
Control in Technical Systems
Academy of Engineering
Modern geoinformation technologies are the basis of any process of urban planning analysis, design or municipal management. This profession allows you to become a specialist in the field of:
— geographic information systems, seismic exploration and its applications to the development of territories in the areas of urban planning and strategic planning;
— capital construction and architecture;
— land use;
— housing and communal services;
— territorial and infrastructural development;
— natural resources and ecology.
In the process of learning, students study:
— basic concepts of geoinformation systems;
— data types;
— ways to check the correctness of spatial data;
— basic algorithms for transformation and analysis of vector and raster data;
— methods for constructing maps, three-dimensional images and video materials based on spatial data;
— methods and approaches to the processing and analysis of large volumes of data, including seismic ones.
As a result of mastering the course, students will be able to:
— to search for public and open data for modeling the territory at the pre-project stage;
— Integrate source data of different types into models of the urban environment;
— transform spatial data without loss of attributes;
— to apply graphic symbols to spatial data in accordance with the current regulations;
— carry out urban planning analysis and modeling of the territory using GIS tools.
The structure of the program, in addition to general education disciplines, includes the following main areas:
— Mathematical disciplines — “Mathematical Modeling in the Problems of the Oil and Gas Industry”, “Applied Problems of Mathematical Modeling”, “Design of Automated Control Systems”;
— disciplines in data analysis and artificial intelligence — “Big data processing”, “Artificial neural networks (reinforcement learning)”;
— profile disciplines in seismic exploration – “Introduction to seismic exploration”, “Lithological-facies analysis”, “Seismic data processing”, “Comprehensive interpretation of seismic data”, “Seismic tomography”, “Dynamic analysis in seismic exploration”, “Geophysical studies of wells”;
— profile disciplines on geoinformation systems and remote sensing of the Earth — “Modern geoinformation systems”, “Practical applications of geoinformation systems”; “Technologies for data processing of remote sensing of the Earth”, “Fundamentals of remote sensing of the Earth”, “Fundamentals of geographic information systems”;
— practical work and projects in the form of term papers, research work, industrial practice and graduation thesis.
During practical classes and interactive and control tasks, students get acquainted with modern geoinformation web services and software tools: Quantum GIS and Autodesk InfraWorks. A system of technical and academic support has been implemented for students. During the training, the student can apply for advice or to resolve an organizational issue through corporate mail to any teacher or employee of the dean's office. Each group has a curator attached to it, whose duties include: helping students in administrative matters and ensuring interaction between participants in the educational process. A distinctive feature of this educational program is that its implementation takes place on the basis of two leading universities in the country: the RUDN University (Moscow) and the Ufa State Oil Technical University (Ufa).
The practice is carried out both in research laboratories and at enterprises of the industrial complex, in research centers. The tasks of production and technological practice are the organization and planning of production and technological activities, the collection, processing, analysis and systematization of world-class scientific and technical information, including in foreign languages, gaining experience in using standard professional software products focused on solving design, technological and scientific tasks, gaining experience in active interaction with colleagues in the production and technological field of activity. Practices are held at the enterprises of the state corporations Roskosmos and Rostec.
Graduates of the program can work in various industries related to geodesy, cartography, cadaster, ecology, geophysics. These areas of career development are relevant today, as they are widely used in various sectors of the economy, from agriculture to the space industry.