RUDN University chemist with colleagues from India and Korea created a nanofilter for water purification from synthetic dyes. The graphene-based composite can quickly remove up to 100% of harmful compounds from water, and it can be used up to seven times without losing efficiency. In addition, the synthesis of the nanofilter itself is economical and environmentally friendly.
People who were born prematurely, with a lower body weight and growth delays in the womb, are more likely to suffer from disorders of neuropsychological development. RUDN doctors have proposed and tested a method by which deviations can be detected in the first weeks of life.
RUDN University chemist, together with colleagues from Korea and India, has created a reusable nano filter that can absorb harmful compounds from wastewater. Moreover, it works simultaneously for organic and inorganic pollutants.
RUDN chemists have created a biodegradable polymer based on chitosan and polyhydroxybutyrate. Chitosan, which is obtained from animal shells and fungal cells, gives the compound antimicrobial properties, so it can be used for disposable medical and hygienic materials and products.
RUDN University professor together with colleagues from France and the USA has developed a technique for describing blood clotting regarding the individual characteristics of patients. This will help to make more accurately diagnosis and select drugs dosages for the treatment of haemophilia, thrombosis and other blood coagulation disorders.
RUDN chemists have proven the effectiveness of metal complexes for catalysis of cyanhydrin production — substances important for the chemical industry. Chemists managed to achieve 96.3% of the reaction efficiency.
RUDN University chemists obtained a metal-containing complex with an unusual planar architecture. The unexpected structure was formed due to the spontaneous fixation of carbon dioxide from the air during the reaction. This compound exhibits unusual magnetic properties (spin glass behaviour). This can be useful for creating memory storage devices.
RUDN chemists investigated in detail the molecular mechanism of interaction of the newly created antitumor drug with blood proteins. The results will not only allow us to judge the effectiveness of the drug, but also are of interest from the point of view of understanding the mechanisms of action of such drugs.
RUDN University chemist together with colleagues from Belgium and China proposed a new method for the synthesis of biologically active phenanthridinones. This protocol allows creating a wider range of products and does not require a long time or harsh conditions.
RUDN University soil scientist for the first time investigated how soil microorganisms resist changes due to human agricultural activities in karst regions.
Nanoparticles are used for targeted delivery of drugs, toxic agents for the destruction of cancer cells, as well as for diagnosticsand. In the treatment of cancer, drugs are increasingly combined with nanomaterials, since in combination they affectthe causes and manifestations ofthedisease from different sides. Gold nanoparticles are well suited for therapy and diagnosis, since they are inert, easily penetrate into tumor cells and linger in them. Researchers at IBHTN and RUDN University studied which parameters of gold nanoparticles determine their success in cancer therapy.
The RUDN University chemist together with colleagues from Portugal created catalysts based on vanadium, supported on a carbon framework. They can be used, for example, to produce adipic acid. The use of the framework increased the efficiency of the catalysts, made them reusable and allowed the reaction to be carried out with microwave radiation instead of the more energy-consuming oil heating.