Irina Sakhnoм
Doctor of Philological Sciences
Professor, Member of the Commission for International Activities, department of Theory and History of Culture

"By teaching, we learn" (Seneca)

1978

Graduated from the Philological Faculty of the Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute (SSPI). 

1978 - 1986

Senior lecturer of the Department of History of Russian Literature of the twentieth Century of the SSPI.

1985

Thesis on “Revolutionary-democratic party character of artistic literature” for the degree of Candidate of Philological Sciences (specialty “Theory of Literature”) was defended.

1986 - 1989

Guest associate professor of the Department of Russian Literature of the Department of Slavic Languages of Clara Zetkin Higher School of Education, Leipzig (German Democratic Republic).

1991

Academic title of Associate Professor was awarded.

1973-1992

Internship at the Department of Slavic Philology of Leipzig University. Gave a series of lectures on the artistic culture of Russia of the beginning of the 20th century at Clara Zetkin Higher School of Education, (Leipzig, Germany).

1995

Graduated from the School of European Languages under the special programme of foreign employers with a specialization in German.

1999

Thesis on “Russian avant-garde: picturesque theory and poetic practice” for the degree of Doctor of Philological Sciences was defended at Lomonosov Moscow State University, speciality “Russian literature”.

2001

Academic title of Professor was awarded.

2002 - present

Professor of the Department of Theory and History of Culture, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, RUDN University.

2006

Gave a series of lectures on innovative educational technologies in the course of Art Studies at the University of Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint-Denis, Paris, France.

2008 - present

Member of the Editorial Board of the Journal “Space of Culture. The Burganov House“.

2009

Gave a series of lectures on the problems of cultural semantics at the Ca' Foscari University of Venice, at the Faculty of Linguistics and Comparative Cultural Studies, Venice, Italy.

2010 - present

Head of the master's programmes: “Creative industries and management in culture“,“Cultural Heritage: research and management“, conducted by RUDN University together with the University of the Balearic Islands, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

2011

Honorary diploma of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation for great contribution to the training of highly professional specialists and many years of conscientious work.

2012 - present

Member of the Editorial Board of the Journal: “Art and Literature Scientific and Analytical Journal TEXTS” (Moscow-Brussels).

2013

Head of the research seminar “Architectonics of Culture: history and modern context” for the faculty and master's students of the Department of Theory and History of Culture, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences.

2014

Participant of the colloquium on autobiographical prose of the Silver Age (Modernités russes 16 La poétique autobiographique) of Moulin University Lyon 3.

2016 - present

Member of the All-Russian Organization “Association of Art Critics” (AIS).

Teaching

Gives lectures to RUDN University students of bachelor's and master’s studies in the direction "Arts and Humanities”:

  • “Cultural studies: theory of culture”;
  • “Theory and practice of intercultural communication”;
  • “Culture and art of Modernism”;
  • “Literature and painting: dialogues in the space of culture”;
  • “Semiotics of culture”;
  • “Modern art market: state and prospects”.

Science

  • Introduced into the scientific turnover a new term “Isoverbal text” and presented its scientific argument. Isoverbal text means a synthetic polycode model as a zone of intersection of two languages: verbal and visual.
  • Proposed a research strategy at the intersection of philosophical and cultural anthropology, contemporary art studies and literary studies to study the relationship between verbal and visual in cultural texts. This allows us to radically update the research paradigm adopted among Russian researchers; to look at the problem of the formation of a synthetic language from the point of view of the morphological organization of the text of poetic culture.
  • Conducted an analysis of the history of the formation of parallelism between two types of arts: painting and poetry. Analyzed pictographic writing, figurative poetry of antiquity and the early Middle Ages, emblematics of Baroque poetry and painting, narrative metaphor of French Rococo engraving, word and image in the direction of French art “The Artist's Book”, stereographic imagery and the formation of a new optics of the word in Russian symbolism and the avant-garde of the 1910-1928ss.
  • Was at the origins of theoretical avant-garde studies in Russia. One of the most recognized theoretical researchers of the Russian avant-garde (in the period from 1910 to 1927). Studies the peculiarities of the interaction of painting and poetry, the semiotics of the avant-garde and the morphology of the avant-garde text.
  • Contributed to the formation of the School of Interdisciplinary and Visual Studies in Russia. Visual Studies studies visual culture and the science of images in the space of several academic integrative disciplines: Cultural Studies, Visual Arts, Philology, Sociology and Psychology.

Scientific interests

  • Theory and practice of the Russian avant-garde of the 1910-1927ss.;
  • Art of Modernism;
  • Semiotics and cultural semantics of the avant-garde text;
  • Isoverbal text of culture (verbal and visual representation in culture from the historical context to modern cultural practices);
  • Visual and narrative rhetoric of the image;
  • Modern art: strategies of representation and new technologies.
The article deals with a unique author's book Livre d'artiste, which is associated with a visual representation of the verbal. Synthetic Intermediality genre defines the binary model of the book that describes the experience izoverbal modernist era. The artist's book in its original meaning - a product of the publishing activities of the famous French collector and Marchand Ambroise Vollard, who invented a new form of promotion of graphic works by artists in the format of the book edition of the original prints. Unique features of the new book were determined by the formation of a unique author's style, experimental techniques and innovative graphic design. Sheets are generally not been stitched, played an important role and inlay book font, screensaver, frontispiece, etc., which the artist has returned to the basic principles of the book of the baroque art. An important role in the development of the genre Livre d'artiste played publication of the scandalous collection of poetry by Charles Baudelaire «Flowers of Evil» («Les Fleurs du Mal»). From the first days of its existence, the poems of Baudelaire drew the attention of illustrators and painters, among them were representatives of the Symbolist persuasion - contemporary poet Émile Bernard, Odilon Redon, Carlos Schwabe, Félicien Rops, Auguste Rodin, Rassanfoss Arman.
The article examines the visual representation of ‘moonscapes’ in the works of French symbolist poet Paul Verlaine and of Anglo-American ‘tonalist’ painter James Abbott McNeill Whistler. Their use of the genre of nocturne can be seen as a multi-code statement where the symbolism of twilight and melancholy being ushered in a new metaphysics of night. The poet associates night with sadness and the anguish of love, with the “dreams of non-existence” and metamorphoses of nature. A new verbal palette allowed him to integrate visual experience into “verbal landscapes”, which imparts a special iconographic status to the poet’s ‘moonscapes”. In his poetic nocturnes, Paul Verlaine discovers multi-level links between word and pictorial art, or word and music, in every aspect of his poetic text.