Antonina Tumanyan
Doctor of Agricultural Sciences

“What we know is limited, and what we don't know is infinite.” P. Laplace


Graduated from Peoples’ Friendship University named after Patrice Lumumba (now - RUDN University), Department of Genetics and Selection of the Agrarian Faculty. Speciality - “Genetics and selection”.


Candidate thesis on “Influence of cenotic and environmental factors on the detection of economically valuable traits in spring wheat” was presented. Speciality - “Breeding and seed production”. Academic degree - Candidate of Agricultural Sciences was awarded.

1984 - 2005

Head of laboratory, assistant, associate professor of the Department of Genetics and Selection of the Agrarian Faculty RUDN. 

1998 - 2005

Deputy head of the Department of Genetics and Selection of the Agrarian Faculty of RUDN; scientific Secretary of the dissertation Council on Agricultural Sciences of RUDN.


The title of associate Professor was awarded.


Doctoral thesis on “Agroecological and geobotanical aspects of degradation and productivity of phytocenoses in the arid zone of the Caspian Sea” was presented. Specialty “General agriculture, crop production”. Academic degree - Doctor of Agricultural Sciences was awarded.

2009 - present

Chief editor of the journal “Theoretical and applied problems of agro-industrial complex”.

2010 - present

Professor of the Department of Genetics, Selection and Plant Protection of the Agrarian and Technological Institute RUDN University.


The academic title of Professor was awarded.

2015 - present

Professor of Agrobiotechnology Department of the Agrarian and Technological Institute RUDN University.


Conducts lectures for RUDN students of bachelor, master and postgraduate study of “Agronomy” direction:

  • “Selection and seed production”;
  • “Fodder production”;
  • “Highly technological varieties and hybrids”;
  • “Private selection”;
  • “Heterosis in selection”;
  • “Organization and technique of selection process”.


  • The way of evaluation of vegetation and determination the extent of its degradation on the hayfields and pastures of adaptive intensification of livestock farming by using bio-indicator of micro-reserves (BIMR) was found. Experiments were carried out to monitor the state of vegetation cover at monitoring sites representing different variants of dry steppe and floodplain ecosystems of the Northern Caspian Sea.
  • Phytocenotic bases and principles for formation of multicomponent pasture agrophytocenosis with high environmental and phyto- meliorative functions were developed.
  • Methodological and methodical bases of radical and surface improvement of degraded plant communities in the arid zone were developed.
  • Theoretical foundations and practical recommendations for the creation of multicomponent agrophytocenosises adapted to extreme environmental conditions, resistant to abiotic, competitive and operational stresses that promote ecological restoration and productivity of degraded rangeland ecosystems were developed.

Scientific interests

  • Development of biogeocenosis principles of adaptive methods of ecological restoration of biodiversity and productivity of degraded phytocenosises.
  • Mechanisms to create highly productive pasture and hay agrophytocenosis on degraded, unproductive and saline lands of arid zone.
  • The methodology for determining the degradation of phytocenosises.
  • Selection of cultivated plants.
  • The impact of oil pollution and heavy metals on plants.
The article presents the results of research on the content of heavy metals in the light chestnut soils of the south of the Russian Federation and the data on the accumulation of heavy metals. In the biomass of vegetable crops, in particular, in onion bulb, beet roots, carrots and potato tubers grown in drip irrigation on this type of soil.
Drought is a significant factor limiting crop production in arid conditions. In the dry climatic weather situation of southern Russia, ten-year laboratory trials and subsequent field experiments were laid out on various barley varieties collected across the globe during 2007–2017 period. This study was conducted to ascertain from the collection of barley cultivars of the entire world which one is best suited to stressful climatic conditions by being tolerant to drought, heat and salinity which can be adopted for barley breeding. According to the results obtained, the varieties that are tolerant to dry climatic conditions are as follows: Alga (Lithuania), Brenda, Henni (Germany), Décor (Great Britain), Furat 5 (Syria), Vakula (Ukraine), Ataman (Belarus) and Vladimir (Russia); heat resistant varieties are: Brenda (Germany), Alga (Lithuania), Furat 5 (Syria), Ataman (Belarus), Vladimir and Ratnik (Russia); Salt-resistant varieties: Alga (Lithuania), Henni (Germany) and Vladimir (Russia). The selected varieties did not show any sign of adverse weather effect resulting in stable grain productivity throughout the entire duration of this research over the years, they had large grain size and stable 1,000 grains weight. However, the yield of selected cultivars varied over the years which was about 1.1–1.4 t ha-1.
The Astrakhan region at the Caspian lowland, characterized by semi-arid climate, is one of the most important regions in the agricultural sector of Russia. However, due to contamination of soils with heavy metals, there is not only a decrease in productivity, but also an increased threat from toxic products. The present study was conducted to analyze the content of heavy metals and their accumulation in irrigated light-brown soils of the arid zones of Russia and the content of heavy metals accumulated in the biomass (stems and leaves) of medicinal and forage plants cultivated in these conditions. The safety or toxicity of these plants was assessed by comparison to the antipollution standards. Results showed the distribution and content of heavy metals in soil horizons: zinc, manganese, nickel and chrome accumulated in the upper layers of soil, strontium in carbonate-illuvial horizons, while lead was uniformly distributed over the soil profile. The role of irrigation in decreasing active forms of certain heavy metals was also noticed. In the study, the selective capability of various plants to accumulate heavy metals was also illustrated.
Oilseeds are commonly used in human nutrition, feeding farm animals, industry, construction, medicine, and perfumery. They are a valuable source of high-nutrient protein, which is contained in the oil cake and meal obtained by processing the seeds into the oil. Sunflower and mustard are traditionally cultivated in the Lower Volga Region. Safflower, camelina, and oilseed flax have not become widespread there, which can be associated with the insufficient studies of them, the lack of proven technologies for farming, and the specific biochemical composition of the oil of their seeds. The objective of the research was to study the effects of the different planting densities on the duration of the developmental interphase periods, the morphological traits, and the crop yields under the soil and climate conditions in the arid zone of the Lower Volga Region. It has been determined that the average safflower yield under such conditions can reach 1.63 t perhectare with the Astrakhanskii-747 variety at the planting density of 300000 plants per hectare.
The impact of oil pollution on the physicochemical properties of various types of arid-land zonal soils and their ability for self-purification are evaluated. A vegetation experiment based on bioindication principles concerning the reaction of crops to an oil-contaminated environment indicated that crops with varying sensitivities can sprout and grow on oil-contaminated soils.
The effect of oil contamination of natural microbiocenoses and biological activity of various types of soils is examined. It is shown that the biological activity indices and the amount of residual oil products depend on the properties of the original soil and the importation dose.