Semantic uncertainty, the theory of prototypes and language games: topics of the lecture “Philosophical foundations of “semantic uncertainty” in translation”
The problem of vague boundaries of semantic classes characterizes even the most familiar terms. Translation theory and practice examines philosophical basis underlying the notions of meaning and semantic indeterminacy focusing on Aristotelian theory in semantics and the “prototype theory”, i.e. discussion of a general theory of natural categories developed in the 1970s by E. Rosch et al. The theory of language games (that is, the concept of language-games referring to the entirety of a language itself, “consisting of language and the actions into which it is woven”) is, particularly, considered to be one of the fundamental principles of this theory.
“The prototype theory offers a principled approach to the exemplification of form-meaning relationships within language and to the development of language teaching exercises that focus on specific aspects of the language system”, — Angelo Loreti (Ph.D., Senior Lecturer, Department of Philosophy of Language and Communication, Faculty of Philosophy, Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU)).
Relevant philosophical issues at the intersection of linguistics and philosophy should be addressed within foreign languages teaching and learning proficiency and translation in particular.
“A very interesting and useful scientific and methodological seminar. It was very exciting to learn more about the classic theory of categorization and certain difficulties of translating lexical units from one language to another. I would like to thank Dr. Angelo Loreti for his wonderful lecture. Thank you for the experience! ” — Anastasia Kostomarova, Foreign Languages Department, Agrarian and Technological Institute, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University).
The lecture convened the staff of the Foreign Languages Department of the Agrarian and Technological Institute, Ph.D. students and students enrolled in “Translator” program at the Agrarian and Technological Institute and the Institute of Medicine (up to 51 attendees).
Languages — the English language, the Italian language & the Russian language.
RUDN University will again become the most international platform for the Geographical Dictation, which will be held on November 19, in Russia and abroad. The dictation is held annually by the Russian Geographical Society on the initiative of Russian President Vladimir Putin. The key goal of the project is to popularize geographical knowledge and increase interest in the geography of Russia. Test your geographic literacy!
RUDN University staff, together with Moscow school students, composed audio guides in 5 languages for the “Feat of the Army” exhibition at the Victory Museum.
October 4, the award of the Government of the Russian Federation Prize in the field of education took place.