Head of the Center for Mathematical Modeling and Design of Sustainable Ecosystems RUDN notes promising forms for strengthening cooperation with German partners
The Center for Mathematical Modeling and Design of Sustainable Ecosystems, headed by RUDN professor Yakov Kuzyakov, prepared proposals for inclusion in the road map of cooperation between Russia and Germany in the field of education, science, research and innovation.
Among the priority topics are assessment of ecosystem services of urban soils and green infrastructure, smart technologies for sustainable development of megacities in the context of global climate change, biogeochemical cycles in the soil-plant-atmosphere system, development and application of remote sensing and high-frequency monitoring.
At the moment, the interaction between the Center for Mathematical Modeling and Design of Sustainable Ecosystems and German partners is realized on the basis of scientific groups, as well as students and academics mobility. Yakov Kuzyakov noted the promising forms for strengthening cooperation:
- opening of a laboratory for analysis and modeling of ecosystem services of urban soils;
- development and implementation of the joint international field summer school " Monitoring, modeling and management of urban soils and green infrastructure" in cooperation with the Technical University of Berlin;
- development and implementation of the international network program of the graduate program "Green infrastructure and Sustainable Development" in cooperation with the Technical University of Berlin (Prof. T. Nehls and G. Wessolek), the Free University of Berlin (Prof. M. Rillig) and the University of Getingen (Prof. Kuzyakova, Prof. E. Blagodatskaya);
- conducting research together with the Department of Chemistry and Pedology of Soil of the University of Hohenheim (34th place in QS World University Rankings ranking in "Agriculture and Forestry").
According to Yakov Kuzyakov, "the implementation of cooperation in these areas will significantly expand the range of the Center’s research, get new interesting scientific results and contribute to the promotion of the RUDN image both in Germany and in the whole of the international scientific community."
RUDN mathematicians investigated the possibility of combining 5 GNR technology and WiGig — a high-frequency range that allows you to transfer data at speeds up to 10 Gbps. This will smooth traffic fluctuations in 5Gnetworks and cope with user requests.
Scientists from the Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology RAS, RUDN University, St. Petersburg State University and the Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS studied the microbial communities from several lakes of the Yamal Peninsula. It turned out that methanotrophs (bacteria that use methane as a source of energy) consume methane more actively in the deep mature lakes of the peninsula than in small thermokarst lakes. In this regard, methane emissions into the atmosphere from the surface of deep lakes are low, and only small (relatively younger thermokarst lakes with constitutional ground ice) can make a significant contribution to methane emissions in the north of Western Siberia. Thus, bacteria perform an important function for the climate balance — they reduce the emission of methane into the atmosphere.
RUDN University physicists have described the conditions for the most efficient operation of long mirror-based variant of cyclotron in the autoresonance mode. These data will bring better understanding of plasma processes in magnetic traps.