RUDN opens 3 scientific institutes and 8 research centers for the development of strategic assets in the field of Mathematics and Chemistry
In connection with the change of positioning, RUDN is also changing the system of scientific activity organization. In particular, in 2016, three new scientific instituteswere opened: the Institute for Applied Mathematics and Telecommunications, the S. Nikolsky Mathematical Institute and the Joint Institute for Chemical Research.
The scope of the Institute for Applied Mathematics and Telecommunications includes the development of new mobile communication technologies, the software to improve the capacity of data transmission channels.
The S. Nikolsky Mathematical Institute conducts research in the field of functional analysis; the theory of functional spaces, ordinary differential equations; differential equations with partial derivatives; nonlinear analysis; spectral theory of differential operators.
The Joint Institute for Chemical Research analyzes the synthesis of new drugs for the treatment of oncological and neuropsychiatric diseases; performs computer modeling of the biological activity of molecules, establishes the structure and properties of substances, determines their initial biological activity; as well as patents the tested methods of synthesis and biological activity.
Besides, 8 research centers/laboratories were created in the past year to develop strategic assets in the field of Mathematics and Chemistry:
- Center for molecular design and synthesis of innovative compounds for medicine;
- Center for modeling high-tech systems and infocommunications;
- Сenter for mathematical modeling in interdisciplinary studies;
- Center for biotechnological and bioinformatics research in medicine;
- Laboratory for studying innovative drug delivery methods;
- Laboratory for studying pathogenesis and clinics of socially important infectious and parasitic diseases;
- Metabolomics laboratory.
The research is carried out under the supervision of the leading Russian and foreign scientists. As the head of the Office of RUDN Science and Innovation Policy Dmitry Zhukov notes, «Our schools have traditionally been strong. Research on a new level, creation of sought-after scientific products, development and implementation of technology are the priorities for the near future».
RUDN University scientists conducted a survey among residents of Moscow and found out the reasons why they have pets. The results proved that pets should be included in the classification of ecosystem services. This will help to consider the interests of pet owners in urban planning and management.
RUDN mathematicians investigated the possibility of combining 5 GNR technology and WiGig — a high-frequency range that allows you to transfer data at speeds up to 10 Gbps. This will smooth traffic fluctuations in 5Gnetworks and cope with user requests.
Scientists from the Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology RAS, RUDN University, St. Petersburg State University and the Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS studied the microbial communities from several lakes of the Yamal Peninsula. It turned out that methanotrophs (bacteria that use methane as a source of energy) consume methane more actively in the deep mature lakes of the peninsula than in small thermokarst lakes. In this regard, methane emissions into the atmosphere from the surface of deep lakes are low, and only small (relatively younger thermokarst lakes with constitutional ground ice) can make a significant contribution to methane emissions in the north of Western Siberia. Thus, bacteria perform an important function for the climate balance — they reduce the emission of methane into the atmosphere.