Students of the Academy of Engineering present research in the field of construction and nanotechnology in Kazakhstan
For the second year, under the guidance of associate professor, Ph.D. Galina Okolnikova, graduate students Georgy Tikhonov and Grigory Grishin have been engaged in research at RUDN at the junction of two priority areas - construction and nanotechnology. In the laboratories of the Engineering Academy, they study characteristics of modified concrete - nano-concrete. In 2018, both students became participants of the “RUDN International Scholarship” academic mobility support program, which allowed them to expand their knowledge and gain new experience from leading scientists at the University of Al-Farabi KazNU (Kazakhstan). Internship in Almaty was not limited to lectures and practical modules. They presented the results of their research in poster presentations at the International Conference "Problems of Technological Combustion", where they were praised by the competent jury. The chairman of the jury was Zulhair Mansurov, winner of the UNESCO award for his contribution to the development of nanoscience and natotechnology.
“My research is devoted to the study of manufacturing technology of valves with a new four-row sickle profile AV500P. It is able to compete in foreign markets with expensive screw fittings. In quality, this class of reinforcement is not inferior to foreign analogues, and in production it is much more economical, because standard rolling equipment may be used. The armature has already been rolled at the Tula Metal Rolling Plant and the West Siberian Metallurgical Plant in the city of Novokuznetsk, ”said Georgy Tikhonov.
“Nanobeton opens up new opportunities for design and construction. It is distinguished by its durability, lightness, and resistance to thermal extremes, which makes it possible to reduce the cost of building new objects and to facilitate the restoration of old structures. High physical and mechanical characteristics are created due to special particles - nanoiCiators In my research, I present the technology of reinforcement of structures with composite fibers, which is the use of basalt and carbon nets as part of nano-concrete, ” said Grigory Grishin.
Students’ internship at Al-Farabi Kazakh National University lasted a month. During this time, they were able to replenish their knowledge with relevant information, visit laboratories of research institutes, such as the Kazakhstan Road Research Institute and the Institute for Problems in Combustion, and demonstrate the results of their scientific work. Full of new impressions and experiences, they plan to continue their research at RUDN.
Since September 2018, the first joint educational project of RUDN and Al-Farabi Kazakh National University has been implemented - the master's program of dual diplomas in the framework of the SCO University program “Nanotechnology”. In October of the same year, a joint master’s program of inclusive education in the “Construction” area was launched, and in November 2018, the delegation signed a new Agreement on inclusive training in “Nanotechnologies and microsystem technology”, defining the next level of joint work in the upcoming 2019.
RUDN mathematicians investigated the possibility of combining 5 GNR technology and WiGig — a high-frequency range that allows you to transfer data at speeds up to 10 Gbps. This will smooth traffic fluctuations in 5Gnetworks and cope with user requests.
Scientists from the Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology RAS, RUDN University, St. Petersburg State University and the Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS studied the microbial communities from several lakes of the Yamal Peninsula. It turned out that methanotrophs (bacteria that use methane as a source of energy) consume methane more actively in the deep mature lakes of the peninsula than in small thermokarst lakes. In this regard, methane emissions into the atmosphere from the surface of deep lakes are low, and only small (relatively younger thermokarst lakes with constitutional ground ice) can make a significant contribution to methane emissions in the north of Western Siberia. Thus, bacteria perform an important function for the climate balance — they reduce the emission of methane into the atmosphere.
RUDN University physicists have described the conditions for the most efficient operation of long mirror-based variant of cyclotron in the autoresonance mode. These data will bring better understanding of plasma processes in magnetic traps.