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Nobel Prize in Medicine awarded for receptor research

Nobel Prize in Medicine awarded for receptor research

The Nobel Committee in Stockholm has named the laureates in Medicine — David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian. They discovered how temperature or touch, for example, is transformed into human sensations.

“Tactile and temperature receptors are very important. Without them, a rare organism would have survived in extreme environmental conditions. They are present not only in humans, but also in many animals, even invertebrates. Being in the skin of the entire surface of the body and even in the mucous membranes, for example, in the oral cavity, they allow the body to avoid excessively hot, cold and other irritants”, said Igor Kastyro, Ph.D., Senior Lecturer at the Department of Normal Physiology, RUDN University.

RUDN University scientists are also researching receptors. At the Department of Normal Physiology of RUDN Medical Institute, doctors invented a device with which it is possible to determine the body’s sensitivity to heat.

“Heat receptors can also act as pain receptors, since extreme temperatures are perceived by the body as pain. At the Department of Normal Physiology, RUDN University, we have proposed a new version of the thermoesthesiometer — a device for studying temperature sensitivity. It is used to determine the limits of human sensitivity to temperature,” said Igor Kastyro.

The research of RUDN University scientists will help to more accurately determine how acclimatization takes place in conditions far from the usual climate and adaptation to new weather conditions.

“Many foreigners from warm countries study at RUDN University. Arriving in Russia, they find themselves in conditions of a long period of low temperatures. We want to observe how the number of these receptors in them changes over time, how their body adapts to low temperatures,” noted Igor Kastyro.

30 Jan 2018
The conference on international arbitration, where law students from European universities simulate court proceedings and alternately defend the interests of the respondent and the orator.
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Visiting Professors View all
03 Nov 2017
Michele Pagano is a graduate of the University of Pisa, a leading scientist, the author of more than 200 publications in international journals, and a participant in many international research projects
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31 Mar
RUDN University awards for specific areas of science and technology based on the results of 2021

Every year, RUDN University selects the best of the best in the field of science and innovation and encourages with a special reward. Since 2009, the Academic Council of the University has been awarding one reward in natural and technical sciences and the other one in social and humanitarian sciences. Both individual researchers and groups of authors can become laureates.

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31 Mar
International Day of Women and Girls in Science: women scientists of the RUDN talk about their path to science

“Science is the basis of all progress that facilitates the life of mankind and reduces its suffering,” — Marie Sklodowska—Curie. A symbol of a woman’s success in science. The first scientist in the world — twice winner of the Nobel Prize.

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31 Mar
RUDN University Mathematicians Create a Model for Queue Organizing with Self-Sustained Servers

RUDN University mathematicians proposed a model for optimizing the operation of queuing systems (from computer networks to stores). Unlike analogues, the servers in it are self-sustained. They can determine when to start and stop working themselves. Such a model can be useful, for example, for online taxi services and other systems where workers choose their own operating hours.

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