"Mathematics gives medicine powerful tools. The union of two sciences gives a new direction - Life Sciences”, Wolf-Ferdinand Wieland, professor at the University of Regensburg (Universität Regensburg, Germany)
Mathematical modeling in medicine gives a deep analysis of normal and pathological processes in the human body. In RUDN, experts of both sciences proposed common areas of work: mathematical modeling, simulation and data analysis are useful for studying cardiovascular diseases, renal dysfunction, cell biology, immunology, allergology, cardiology, clinical pharmacology, oncology and radiology.
"Mathematics provides powerful tools for developing life sciences and creating new solutions for diagnosis and treatment. Calculations in the study of stem cells already help with arthritis, to restore sensitivity after trauma and burns”, Professor Wolf Wieland of the University of Regensburg (Germany) shared the results of clinical trials. "In Russia there is strong mathematics and extensive experience in using it for medical purposes," the expert said.
Due to the limited possibilities of experimental research, a detailed study of the processes in the biomedia becomes especially important. This will not treat the symptoms and illnesses after their appearance, but systematically prevent their appearance.
"To understand the interrelated processes occurring in the human body, certain areas of medicine are not enough. The time has come for a new direction in life science, which unites medicine, mathematics and IT tools. The unification of efforts will open up the possibilities of personalized medicine, the pinpoint effect of drugs, and will also solve non-systemic problems - the causes of mutation and arrhythmia, "Professor Willi Jager of the University of Heidelberg (Germany). Special attention was paid to the mathematical approach to solving problems associated with sepsis.
The themes of RUDN round table covered questions of mathematical approaches in immunology, cardiology, oncology, urology and pharmacology. Famous scientists - mathematicians and physicians: Gennady Bocharov, Valentin Pavlov, Ralph Witzgall, Vitaliy Volpert, Revaz Sepiashvili, Zhanna Kobalava, Andrey Kostin and Pavel Ogurtsov took part in the round table.
RUDN mathematicians investigated the possibility of combining 5 GNR technology and WiGig — a high-frequency range that allows you to transfer data at speeds up to 10 Gbps. This will smooth traffic fluctuations in 5Gnetworks and cope with user requests.
Scientists from the Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology RAS, RUDN University, St. Petersburg State University and the Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS studied the microbial communities from several lakes of the Yamal Peninsula. It turned out that methanotrophs (bacteria that use methane as a source of energy) consume methane more actively in the deep mature lakes of the peninsula than in small thermokarst lakes. In this regard, methane emissions into the atmosphere from the surface of deep lakes are low, and only small (relatively younger thermokarst lakes with constitutional ground ice) can make a significant contribution to methane emissions in the north of Western Siberia. Thus, bacteria perform an important function for the climate balance — they reduce the emission of methane into the atmosphere.
RUDN University physicists have described the conditions for the most efficient operation of long mirror-based variant of cyclotron in the autoresonance mode. These data will bring better understanding of plasma processes in magnetic traps.