"Mathematics gives medicine powerful tools. The union of two sciences gives a new direction - Life Sciences”, Wolf-Ferdinand Wieland, professor at the University of Regensburg (Universität Regensburg, Germany)
Mathematical modeling in medicine gives a deep analysis of normal and pathological processes in the human body. In RUDN, experts of both sciences proposed common areas of work: mathematical modeling, simulation and data analysis are useful for studying cardiovascular diseases, renal dysfunction, cell biology, immunology, allergology, cardiology, clinical pharmacology, oncology and radiology.
"Mathematics provides powerful tools for developing life sciences and creating new solutions for diagnosis and treatment. Calculations in the study of stem cells already help with arthritis, to restore sensitivity after trauma and burns”, Professor Wolf Wieland of the University of Regensburg (Germany) shared the results of clinical trials. "In Russia there is strong mathematics and extensive experience in using it for medical purposes," the expert said.
Due to the limited possibilities of experimental research, a detailed study of the processes in the biomedia becomes especially important. This will not treat the symptoms and illnesses after their appearance, but systematically prevent their appearance.
"To understand the interrelated processes occurring in the human body, certain areas of medicine are not enough. The time has come for a new direction in life science, which unites medicine, mathematics and IT tools. The unification of efforts will open up the possibilities of personalized medicine, the pinpoint effect of drugs, and will also solve non-systemic problems - the causes of mutation and arrhythmia, "Professor Willi Jager of the University of Heidelberg (Germany). Special attention was paid to the mathematical approach to solving problems associated with sepsis.
The themes of RUDN round table covered questions of mathematical approaches in immunology, cardiology, oncology, urology and pharmacology. Famous scientists - mathematicians and physicians: Gennady Bocharov, Valentin Pavlov, Ralph Witzgall, Vitaliy Volpert, Revaz Sepiashvili, Zhanna Kobalava, Andrey Kostin and Pavel Ogurtsov took part in the round table.
A biologist from RUDN University found the most beneficial concentration of tryptophan for rainbow trout. When added to the diet of the fish, this amino acid supports the immune system and reduces the oxidative stress in the intestinal tract caused by the overpopulation of fish farms.
A team of chemists from RUDN University suggested a new reaction to produce organic compounds in one vessel. The end products turned out to be effective against the cells of carcinomas, including drug-resistant ones.
A team of soil scientists from RUDN University organized a summer school to study urban soils in 5 climatic zones. Students from Germany, Russia, China, and the USA spent two weeks analyzing the state of soils and vegetation in cities and towns all the way from the Barents to the Azov Sea. The results of their study confirmed the effect of urbanization on the soil such as decrease of soil acidity, increase of carbon concentrations, and shrinkage of tree trunks by 40% — 60%.