RUDN professor Ricardo Valentini awarded a medal in physics and natural sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Italy

RUDN professor Ricardo Valentini awarded a medal in physics and natural sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Italy

RUDN professor Ricardo Valentini, Head of the research laboratory "Smart Technologies for Sustainable Development of Urban Environment in the Conditions of Global Change" was awarded a medal in physics and natural sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Italy. Founded in 1782, the National Academy of Sciences (also known as the Academy of the Forty (XL)) is one of the oldest and most prestigious scientific organizations in Europe. The mission of the Academy is to promote the development of scientific knowledge in the field of mathematics, physics and natural sciences. Since the end of the 18th century, the Academy has awarded a medal for the most outstanding scientists’ contribution to science in selected disciplines. At different times among the academy's awardees were such world-famous scientists as Amedeo Avogadro, Niels Bohr and Albert Einstein

The award ceremony took place on May 10, in Rome. The Academy highly appreciated the contribution of Riccardo Valentini to the development of biogeochemistry research of forest ecosystems, metabolism and energy in natural and anthropogenic ecosystems, and analysis and modeling of climate change. At the turn of the century, when the issues of global climate change became particularly relevant, R. Valentini headed the largest projects of research on greenhouse gas flows in Europe, Africa, the USA: EURASIA-NET, CARBOEUROFLUX, CARBOEUROPE, CARBOAFRICA and CLIMAFRICA. In the late 90's, he became one of the initiators of the global monitoring network FLUXNET, the data of which are still the base of forecasting climate change on the planet. In 2005, R. Valentini became one of the founders of the Mediterranean Climate Change Center - currently the largest center of applied research in the field of adaptation of ecosystems to global changes in Western and Southern Europe. In 2007, for scientific achievements R. Valentini was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize as part of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and in 2015 - the Ernst Haeckel Prize of the Federation of European Environmental Associations, considered the most prestigious scientific award in the field of ecology. According to "Thomson Reuters" R. Valentini is one of the most quoted scientists in the world (188 publications in Scopus and WoS, H-index 59). At present R. Valentini continues active research work at the laboratory “Smart Technologies for Sustainable Development of the Urban Environment in the Conditions of Global Change”, elaborating a network of high-frequency monitoring of the state of green plantations “Smart Urban Trees”, whish is due to be tested in experimental sites in Moscow already this year.

News
All news
Science
27 Jun
RUDN Mathematicians: 5G will cope with traffic when using WiGig

RUDN mathematicians investigated the possibility of combining 5 GNR technology and WiGig — a high-frequency range that allows you to transfer data at speeds up to 10 Gbps. This will smooth traffic fluctuations in 5Gnetworks and cope with user requests.

Science
23 Jun
Scientists Reveal the Water Column of the Yamal Lakes Can Be a Microbial Filter

Scientists from the Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology RAS, RUDN University, St. Petersburg State University and the Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS studied the microbial communities from several lakes of the Yamal Peninsula. It turned out that methanotrophs (bacteria that use methane as a source of energy) consume methane more actively in the deep mature lakes of the peninsula than in small thermokarst lakes. In this regard, methane emissions into the atmosphere from the surface of deep lakes are low, and only small (relatively younger thermokarst lakes with constitutional ground ice) can make a significant contribution to methane emissions in the north of Western Siberia. Thus, bacteria perform an important function for the climate balance — they reduce the emission of methane into the atmosphere.

Science
20 Jun
RUDN University Physicists Determine the Optimal Conditions for Holding High-Energy Plasma Clouds in Pyrotron

RUDN University physicists have described the conditions for the most efficient operation of long mirror-based variant of cyclotron in the autoresonance mode. These data will bring better understanding of plasma processes in magnetic traps.