RUDN professor Ricardo Valentini awarded a medal in physics and natural sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Italy
The award ceremony took place on May 10, in Rome. The Academy highly appreciated the contribution of Riccardo Valentini to the development of biogeochemistry research of forest ecosystems, metabolism and energy in natural and anthropogenic ecosystems, and analysis and modeling of climate change. At the turn of the century, when the issues of global climate change became particularly relevant, R. Valentini headed the largest projects of research on greenhouse gas flows in Europe, Africa, the USA: EURASIA-NET, CARBOEUROFLUX, CARBOEUROPE, CARBOAFRICA and CLIMAFRICA. In the late 90's, he became one of the initiators of the global monitoring network FLUXNET, the data of which are still the base of forecasting climate change on the planet. In 2005, R. Valentini became one of the founders of the Mediterranean Climate Change Center - currently the largest center of applied research in the field of adaptation of ecosystems to global changes in Western and Southern Europe. In 2007, for scientific achievements R. Valentini was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize as part of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and in 2015 - the Ernst Haeckel Prize of the Federation of European Environmental Associations, considered the most prestigious scientific award in the field of ecology. According to "Thomson Reuters" R. Valentini is one of the most quoted scientists in the world (188 publications in Scopus and WoS, H-index 59). At present R. Valentini continues active research work at the laboratory “Smart Technologies for Sustainable Development of the Urban Environment in the Conditions of Global Change”, elaborating a network of high-frequency monitoring of the state of green plantations “Smart Urban Trees”, whish is due to be tested in experimental sites in Moscow already this year.
Bacteria in biofilms are 1,000 times more resistant to antibiotics, disinfectants, mechanical treatment, and other types of stress. A chemist from RUDN University suggested a method to prevent the formation of biofilms and reduce the resistance of bacteria to antimicrobial medications. This might help increase the efficiency of antibacterial treatment in the food industry, medicine, and agriculture.
A specialist in spacecraft movement control analyzed the process of placing vehicle stages, boosters, and other space debris into the so-called disposal orbit and suggested cleaning lower orbits up with a spacecraft that has modules with engine units on board. These modules will attach to space debris objects and move them away. As for the geostationary orbit, a preferable way to clean it up would be a towing spacecraft that transports space debris objects into the disposal orbit.
A biologist from RUDN University studied the development of the immune response in prepubertal male and female animals. According to her, the severity and mortality of infectious and inflammatory diseases at this age depend not on the sex hormones, but mainly on the chromosome set or karyotype.