Issue № 1 / 2021 Newsletter archive
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Research and Innovative Activity View all
19 Apr
Individual characteristics of the shape and cross-section of the root canal are one of the main issues for dentists. When treating a root canal, a doctor needs to properly clean it, fill it, and carry out a rebuilding procedure so that a canal is sealed. The first stage of endodontic treatment requires detailed knowledge of root canal anatomy. A team of dentists from RUDN University studied and classified various changes in root canal shapes. The new classification will help doctors avoid diagnostic errors, better select their tools, and treat patients more efficiently.
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19 Apr
Many production facilities (e.g. plastic manufacturers, pharma companies, and others) use nanocatalysts that contain palladium—an expensive component that is not sustainably produced. A chemist from RUDN University found a way to reduce palladium consumption and to make its manufacture more eco-friendly. He developed a catalyst based on a substance that comes from plant waste. Using his invention, manufacturers could cut palladium consumption in half. Moreover, new catalysts can be reused multiple times without any decrease in efficiency.
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19 Apr
An international team including chemists from RUDN University suggested an economically feasible and environmentally friendly method to synthesize surfactants. The new compounds can become an eco-friendly alternative to traditional chemicals used in oil production, skincare products manufacture, and in the pharmaceutical industry to transport drugs to diseased body tissues.
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19 Apr
A team of biologists from RUDN University working together with foreign colleagues have summarized the results of 520 studies on the impact of manure on the soil and created a snapshot of all biochemical processes that go on in fertilized soils. The team also compared the effect of manure with and without mineral additives, showed how manure from different animals affects the fertility of the soil, and calculated the optimal amount of manure for soil fertilization.
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19 Apr
Mathematician from RUDN proposed a machine learning method that allows to automatically recognize images from satellites and aircraft radars. The algorithm can determine which type of plant is planted in the fields more accurately than previously existing developments.
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19 Apr
RUDN chemists obtained a composite with zinc inclusions in a chitosan-based polymer matrix, a product of crustacean shell processing. The new material is nontoxic but exhibits antibacterial properties and can be used as a catalyst in a popular reaction of organic synthesis.
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19 Apr
A biologist from RUDN University found the most beneficial concentration of tryptophan for rainbow trout. When added to the diet of the fish, this amino acid supports the immune system and reduces the oxidative stress in the intestinal tract caused by the overpopulation of fish farms. The results of the study were published in the Aquaculture magazine.
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16 Apr
A team of chemists from RUDN University created an antibacterial coating for food products. The mixture consists of two components that are safe for human health and form a thin, non-toxic, and biodegradable film. The film has no color or flavor and can increase the shelf life of different products 2.5 to 8 times.
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16 Apr
The traditional mathematical model of predator-prey relations in the wild does not take into account indirect nonlocal interactions. However, according to a mathematician from RUDN University, they affect the dynamics of predators and prey in a system, and the nature of this effect is sensitive to the initial conditions.
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16 Apr
A soil scientist from RUDN University found out that the resources of organic phosphorus in the soils of the Tibetan Plateau could be depleted because of global warming. To do so, he compared phosphorus content in the soils from the Tibetan Plateau that has a cold climate and from the warmer Loess Plateau.
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16 Apr
N-heterocycles are organic substances used in the chemical industry and medicine. To produce them, expensive catalysts made from noble metals are used. A chemist from RUDN University developed a nanocatalyst for N-heterocycles that consists of zinc oxide and niobium and can be obtained using orange peel without any additional chemical agents. The catalyst makes the reaction almost 100% effective, thus increasing the efficiency and reducing the cost of N-heterocycles production.
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16 Apr
A geneticist from RUDN University studied the effect of Bifidobacterium (intestinal bacteria) on the inflammatory process and discovered that their surface protein is capable of stopping excessive or uncontrollable inflammation, like the one observed in COVID-19 patients. A fragment of this protein can be used as an anti-inflammatory medication when treating coronavirus and other diseases.
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16 Apr
An associate professor from RUDN University developed a computer model that describes all types of vehicle body damage caused by fatigue failure. According to his computer simulation, low speed on bumpy roads can be more dangerous for a vehicle body than moderate. The results of the study can help measure fatigue resistance in vehicles more accurately.
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16 Apr
What happens to a person who never turns off the light? Is it possible to transform the inner “owl” into a “lark”? Mikhail Blagonravov, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Head of the Scientific and Educational Laboratory of Functional Research Methods, Chronobiology and Chronocardiology of RUDN Medical Institute How told how to use knowledge about light and biorhythms to manage your health and productivity.
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16 Apr
A biologist from RUDN University studied the development of the immune response in prepubertal male and female animals. According to her, the severity and mortality of infectious and inflammatory diseases at this age depend not on the sex hormones, but mainly on the chromosome set or karyotype.
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16 Apr
A team of biophysics from leading Russian research and educational institutions (MSU, RUDN University, and the Federal Research and Clinical Center of the Federal Medical-Biological Agency of Russia) developed a computer model that shows the effect of antiseptics on bacterial membranes. The common concepts regarding the mode of action of antiseptics turned out to be incorrect: instead of destroying bacterial membranes, they cause changes in their structure. These changes make the bacteria weaker and more susceptible to adverse external factors.
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16 Apr
A research team from RUDN University developed an algorithm to help large groups of people make optimal decisions in a short time. They confirmed the efficiency of their model using the example of the market at which the outbreak of COVID-19 began. The model helped the administration and sellers agree on closing the market and reach a consensus about the sums of compensations in just three steps.
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16 Apr
A team of Russian and Vietnamese chemists from RUDN University, Belgorod State University, Ton Duc Thang University, and the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology were the first to study the composition of oils extracted from two flowering plants of the genus Thladiantha that are popular in traditional Chinese medicine. The team confirmed that the seeds of both plants contain around 40% oils rich in unsaturated fatty acids. The results of the study were published in the Journal of Oleo Science.
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Visiting Professors View all
19 Apr
Mathematics, chemistry, physics, medicine and modern languages - there are five priority areas of development at RUDN University along the path of a research university. RUDN University has a developed laboratory base, it encourages publication activity, forms teams of scientists and educates talented young researchers.
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Student's Scientific Initiatives View all
19 Apr
Production of oil and gas by traditional means is becoming outdated. New environmentally friendly technologies are emerging, allowing not only to increase the profitability of the oil and gas complex, but also to preserve nature. Timofey Mazurchuk, a PhD student of the Faculty of Economics and a member of the International Academy of Technological Sciences, told us about the prospects of the oil and gas industry, the technology of plasma-pulse stimulation and student science at the RUDN.
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19 Apr
Alexander Elansky, a fourth-year student at the Agrarian and Technological Institute (RUDN has studied microorganisms (fungi and bacteria) that live in contaminated oil products. Selected active strains of such microorganisms capable of destroying oil and its products can be used both for remediation of areas contaminated with oil products and for accelerated utilization of waste oil-containing technical fluids.
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19 Apr
Is it possible to monitor the condition of green spaces? Is it possible to monitor the life of trees? We present the project of Emil Khairov, a second-year master’s student of Faculty of Physics and Mathematics and Natural Sciences “Applied Informatics”.
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19 Apr
As an activist of the Scientific Student Society Lyubov Kolpakova together with the RUDN Law Institute proves that liquidation of hazardous substances without harming nature is possible.
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19 Apr
In the modern world the earth is increasingly being polluted with harmful substances, and the oil industry has a rather intense impact on both the ecosystem and the environment. However, there is a way to help the soil get rid of harmful industrial waste.
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19 Apr
RUDN announced the results of four student research contests. They are designed to develop the professional skills of novice researchers. Students not only have to come up with an original idea and work out a solution to a problem, but also to present the results competently in the form of a comprehensive research project.
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International scientific cooperation View all
19 Apr
72 student papers, 22 participating universities, research papers of RUDN students took 2 steps on the podium at the XIX V.N. Veniaminov’s annual competition of St. Petersburg for the best students’ work
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19 Apr
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia is among the top 200 universities according to the Times Higher Education Emerging Economies University Rankings 2021 (THE Emerging Economies 2021). Only 606 leading world universities were honored to be on the list.
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19 Apr
Joint educational programs in the field of "Nursing" and the specialties "Pharmacy", "Medical Care" will be developed within the framework of the signed Memorandum of Cooperation in the field of science and education between the RUDN and the Weifang Medical University (China). The online signing ceremony took place on December 25, 2020.
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19 Apr
The QS ranking agency has presented the QS WUR by Subject 2021 rankings — lists of the best universities in the world in specific subjects. RUDN has shown rapid growth in the areas of “Modern Languages”, “Linguistics”, “Mathematics”, “Economics and Econometrics” and “Chemistry”, and for the first time entered the list of the best in the world in the subjects “Oil and Gas Business”, “Law”, " Business and Management “, and “Computer Science”.
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Scientific Conferences View all
19 Apr
Candidates of Science Irina Chernykh and Konstantin Gomonov became the winners of the competition for the Presidential Grant for young scientists. The grants are allocated for two years for basic and applied scientific research.
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19 Apr
Gold medal for the project “Method of personalized dental constructions using digital technologies”, silver for the Smart Moto RUDN team’s electric motorcycle. New developments in 5G, mathematical modeling in biomedicine, laser 3D printing of metals: RUDN held a special seminar at the XXIV International Salon of inventions and innovation technologies “Archimedes” — 2021″.
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