1
The chemist from RUDN University, together with the colleagues, first created molecules’ catchers for energy source molecules of cells
The chemist from RUDN University, together with the colleagues, first created molecules’ catchers for energy source molecules of cells
For the first time, a team of Russian scientists together with RUDN University synthesized calixarenes capable of “trapping” adenosine triphosphoric acid (ATA) molecules and enclosing them inside their cavity. ATA molecules are a universal source of energy for most biochemical processes. They also act as an intercellular mediator.

The authors created a kind of molecular sensor that can not only recognize the ATA molecule among others, but also “capture” it. This was achieved thanks to the attachment to the upper part of the "bowl" of molecular receptors - groups of atoms that selectively bind only to compounds of a certain type. The atomic groups containing nitrogen introduced by scientists have shown high efficiency in the binding of ATA in solution.
Scientists synthesized several types of calixarenes. The first type included compounds with two or four attached receptors in the upper part of the molecule, the second in the lower part of the molecule. The remaining several types included combinations of the first two. After a detailed analysis of the chemical properties of each type of compound, the scientists revealed differences in their behavior and properties.
So, for example, when two specific groups are inserted in the lower part of the molecule, it begins to more efficiently bind adenosine diphosphoric acid (ADA) - a compound formed during the partial decomposition of ATA.

“Over the past two decades, many research groups have paid great attention to the synthesis of host molecules with high affinity for biologically important substances. Among these methods, the recognition and transfer of nucleotides — adenosine diphosphoric and adenosine triphosphoric acids — is of particular importance due to their great biological significance. Adenine-containing nucleotides are important as a universal source of energy and as intracellular mediators in many biological processes. For the first time, we created molecules based on calixarenes that can recognize ATA and ADA in a solution and bind to them at low concentrations ”says Viktor Khrustalyov, one of the authors of the work, doctor of chemical sciences, head of the inorganic chemistry department of the RUDN University.

International Projects View all
Visiting Professors View all
03 Nov 2017
Michele Pagano is a graduate of the University of Pisa, a leading scientist, the author of more than 200 publications in international journals, and a participant in many international research projects
1109
Similar newsletter View all
22 Oct
RUDN chemist creates catalyst to produce anti-mosquito substances

A chemist from RUDN University has developed a catalyst for the production of eugenol acetate, a substance that destroys the larvae of mosquitoes transmitting dangerous diseases, being a safe chemical for human health.

51
22 Oct
RUDN soil scientists developed a new method for assessing soil fertility

RUDN soil scientists have revealed a direct correlation between the rate of soil formation of carbon dioxide, called CO2 emissions, and the content of microbial biomass in it. It is known that CO2 emission from soil is mainly conditioned by respiration of soil microorganisms and plant roots. The more CO2 soil emits, the more microbial biomass it usually contains. It was shown that CO2 emission by chernozem of different ecosystems (or different types of land use) correlates with the content of microbial biomass, and most closely with the rate of its microbial respiration. And the soil with good microbial properties has the “best quality”, is more fertile, provides the highest yield of crops and other plant biomass.

70
22 Oct
RUDN University chemists proposed a way to reduce three times the temperature for the oxidation of alkanes

RUDN University chemists and their colleagues from the Russian Academy of Sciences have proposed new catalysts that allow to reduce the temperature of the oxidation reaction of alkanes three times — from 150 to 50 degrees. This significantly reduces the cost of synthesizing alcohols, aldehydes and other compounds needed, in particular, for the production of nylon and capron.

38
Similar newsletter View all