RUDN mathematicians received an estimate of the solution of inverse problems of the Laplace differential equation. Having a set of values that characterize the Laplace map and the Dirichlet-Neumann limit parameters, they were able to obtain conditions that determine the type of space under study. The obtained result allows us to describe the nature of physical space in the problems of electrostatics, electrodynamics, quantum mechanics, continuum physics and in the problem of studying the thermal conductivity of the medium.

When solving physical problems using mathematical methods, functions are put in accordance with certain physical processes. For example, to describe the thermal conductivity process, we need the Laplace differential equation-the Laplace map. These functions operate within a specific characteristic space that corresponds to the physical model of the phenomenon in question.

Experimental data of a physical problem can be a set of values that characterize the type of Laplace mapping for a specific space. Direct problems of the differential equation allow us to obtain this set of characteristic values in the known mathematical form of the Laplace map. In this case, the solution of inverse problems of these equations for a known set of characteristic values allows us to study the mathematical form of space, and therefore the physical process of the problem under study.

The space is characterized by a metric-a rule for distributing elements in this space. Knowing the mathematical form of the space metric, you can get the space structure of the physical model of the problem under study. Thus, by analyzing neural activity data (characteristic values), you can get a metric of the neural network space that will be associated with the physical model of this network.

It is known that the type of metric can be uniquely defined up to the level at which two metrics ― g1 and g2 ― become equivalent for a slightly different set of characteristic values, so the solution will not be the only one. However, if there are two metrics with the same set of characteristic values, a conversion is allowed that converts one metric to another.

For an adequate description of the type of space under study, it is necessary to make sure that the found metric type is correct when solving a direct problem of differential equations. For such verification, a tool can be used to study the uniqueness of the solution of inverse problems on an arbitrarily bounded area of space.

After considering a given set of characteristic values on an arbitrarily fixed domain, the authors obtained a mathematical estimation of the uniqueness of the solution for the inverse problem in determining the metric of the Laplace operator.

Another type of input for the inverse problem can be boundary conditions under which the behavior of the physical model is known. In this case, the authors used data on Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions for Laplace mapping on an arbitrary region of the studied space to obtain an estimate of the uniqueness of the solution of the inverse problem.

Article in the journal Inverse Problems & Imaging.

RUDN soil scientists have revealed a direct correlation between the rate of soil formation of carbon dioxide, called CO2 emissions, and the content of microbial biomass in it. It is known that CO2 emission from soil is mainly conditioned by respiration of soil microorganisms and plant roots. The more CO2 soil emits, the more microbial biomass it usually contains. It was shown that CO2 emission by chernozem of different ecosystems (or different types of land use) correlates with the content of microbial biomass, and most closely with the rate of its microbial respiration. And the soil with good microbial properties has the “best quality”, is more fertile, provides the highest yield of crops and other plant biomass.

RUDN University chemists and their colleagues from the Russian Academy of Sciences have proposed new catalysts that allow to reduce the temperature of the oxidation reaction of alkanes three times — from 150 to 50 degrees. This significantly reduces the cost of synthesizing alcohols, aldehydes and other compounds needed, in particular, for the production of nylon and capron.

A chemist from RUDN University has developed a catalyst for the production of eugenol acetate, a substance that destroys the larvae of mosquitoes transmitting dangerous diseases, being a safe chemical for human health.

RUDN soil scientists have revealed a direct correlation between the rate of soil formation of carbon dioxide, called CO2 emissions, and the content of microbial biomass in it. It is known that CO2 emission from soil is mainly conditioned by respiration of soil microorganisms and plant roots. The more CO2 soil emits, the more microbial biomass it usually contains. It was shown that CO2 emission by chernozem of different ecosystems (or different types of land use) correlates with the content of microbial biomass, and most closely with the rate of its microbial respiration. And the soil with good microbial properties has the “best quality”, is more fertile, provides the highest yield of crops and other plant biomass.

RUDN University chemists and their colleagues from the Russian Academy of Sciences have proposed new catalysts that allow to reduce the temperature of the oxidation reaction of alkanes three times — from 150 to 50 degrees. This significantly reduces the cost of synthesizing alcohols, aldehydes and other compounds needed, in particular, for the production of nylon and capron.