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Researchers conducted a systematic review of articles that analyzed the effect of medicine remedies used to treat COVID-19 during pregnancy.

Researchers conducted a systematic review of articles that analyzed the effect of medicine remedies used to treat COVID-19 during pregnancy.

RUDN physician Anna Borisova, in collaboration with colleagues from Italy, used effective searches and classified 123 articles on this research topic. A literature review was conducted by searching databases of medical and biological publications: PubMed, the U.S. National Library of Medicine, and Embase (Elsevier), a biomedical database.

Researchers conducted a search between 1st of January and 5th of May, 2020, using the keywords “COVID-19,” “SARS-CoV-2,” “pregnancy,” and “therapy.” The analysis covered only drugs with presumptive effects on COVID-19 whose safe use during pregnancy has been proven by clinical trials in other infectious diseases. Drugs contraindicated in pregnancy or with unknown side effects were not included in this review.

“Pregnant women are a high-risk group for coronavirus complications. The situation is also complicated by the fact that not all medications can be prescribed to pregnant women due to their possible teratogenic effect on the fetus, which poses new challenges for the development of effective and safe medications for this category of COVID-19 patients”, — Anna Borisova, Ph.D. in Medicine, assistant of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Medicine, RUDN.

As a result of the study, scientists identified groups of drugs that can be used to treat COVID-19 during pregnancy, as well as indications for their prescription:

  • Antiviral medications: lopinavir, ritonavir, remdesivir.
  • Antimalarial medications: hydroxychloroquine.
  • Anticoagulants medications: Low-molecular-weight heparin (due to increased risk of thromboembolic complications in patients with COVID-19).
  • Steroids medications: betamethasone (to accelerate fetal lung maturation, since SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy, especially in the third trimester, may increase the risk of premature rupture of fetal membranes and premature birth).
  • Antibacterials medications: amoxicillin, azithromycin, ceftriaxone (must be prescribed only if a bacterial infection is suspected).
  • Metformin and statins (can be used as adjuvant therapy, to reduce the required dose of antiviral medication and, therefore, its side effects).
  • Reconvalescent plasma (antibodies contained in the plasma of convalescents reduce the viral load, the severity of the disease, and improve aeration).
  • Immunomodulators medications, such as tocilizumab.
  • Interferon type I.
International scientific cooperation View all
03 Nov 2017
The main goal of the RUDN University and UNISDR Office for Northeast Asia and Global Education and Training Institute for Disaster Risk Reduction at Incheon (UNISDR ONEA-GETI) cooperation is to obtain knowledge about disaster risk reduction and international experience in this area for creating training courses for basic and additional professional education in RUDN
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Visiting Professors View all
03 Nov 2017
Michele Pagano is a graduate of the University of Pisa, a leading scientist, the author of more than 200 publications in international journals, and a participant in many international research projects
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30 Dec
Biologists from RUDN University discovered the secret of flaxseed oil with long shelf life

Biologists from RUDN University working together with their colleagues from the Institute of Molecular Biology of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Flax studied the genes that determine the fatty acid composition in flaxseed oil and identified polymorphisms in six of them. The team also found out what gene variations could extend the shelf life of flaxseed oil. This data can be used to improve the genetic selection of new flax breeds. The results were published in the BMC Plant Biology journal.

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19 Apr
Dentists from RUDN University Presented a New Classification of Root Canal Shape Changes

Individual characteristics of the shape and cross-section of the root canal are one of the main issues for dentists. When treating a root canal, a doctor needs to properly clean it, fill it, and carry out a rebuilding procedure so that a canal is sealed. The first stage of endodontic treatment requires detailed knowledge of root canal anatomy. A team of dentists from RUDN University studied and classified various changes in root canal shapes. The new classification will help doctors avoid diagnostic errors, better select their tools, and treat patients more efficiently.

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19 Apr
A chemist from RUDN developed a green catalyst for pharmaceutical and industrial chemistr

Many production facilities (e.g. plastic manufacturers, pharma companies, and others) use nanocatalysts that contain palladium—an expensive component that is not sustainably produced. A chemist from RUDN University found a way to reduce palladium consumption and to make its manufacture more eco-friendly. He developed a catalyst based on a substance that comes from plant waste. Using his invention, manufacturers could cut palladium consumption in half. Moreover, new catalysts can be reused multiple times without any decrease in efficiency.

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