The event is held in the frame of permanent Russian-German-French expert’s dialogue on the questions of migration, citizenship and related issues of linguistic and civilizational field.
The experts’ meeting is held by RUDN University (“Migration issues” laboratory headed by Vice-Rector A.Dolzhikova), “Russky Mir” Foundation and the Institute of linguistic, civilizational and migration processes with the participation of the embassies of Germany, France and Bulgaria. Among experts RF MFA Ambassador Eleonora Mitrofanova, Vice-President of Bulgaria Iliana Yotova, ex-Vice Minister of Interior of France, ex-member of the European Parliament and National Assembly of France Ivan Blo, ex-Minister of foreign affairs of Italy Franco Frattini, Director of the European organization of civil rights Spiridon Flogaitis (Greece) and other honored figures. They talked about the current situation regarding external migration and the proceeding issues of citizenship.
French, German and Russian experts delivered public lectures for students of Law, Political science, International relations and Sociology.
The participants expressed their views on migration policy of the EU and RF often sharing opinions on illegal migration, fighting terrorism and extremism and efficient cultural and language adaptation and integration of new migrants. However, German and French experts expressed their concerns regarding countries of the European community with different migrations regulations. The Russian experts suggested recommendations on improving the Russian migration legislation, stressing the peculiarity of interethnic and intercultural processes in the post-Soviet territory. All participants agreed that if migrants’ flows become controlled this crisis may turn into a beneficial situation for the host country.
“Migration crisis has become global”, said Eleonora Mitrofanova. “Today there are about 244 million migrants in the world and that is 3% of the world population.”
A chemist from RUDN University has developed a catalyst for the production of eugenol acetate, a substance that destroys the larvae of mosquitoes transmitting dangerous diseases, being a safe chemical for human health.
RUDN soil scientists have revealed a direct correlation between the rate of soil formation of carbon dioxide, called CO2 emissions, and the content of microbial biomass in it. It is known that CO2 emission from soil is mainly conditioned by respiration of soil microorganisms and plant roots. The more CO2 soil emits, the more microbial biomass it usually contains. It was shown that CO2 emission by chernozem of different ecosystems (or different types of land use) correlates with the content of microbial biomass, and most closely with the rate of its microbial respiration. And the soil with good microbial properties has the “best quality”, is more fertile, provides the highest yield of crops and other plant biomass.
A RUDN chemist has synthesized a catalyst for the production of gamma-valerolactone — an energy-intensive “green” biofuel. The catalyst based on zirconium dioxide and zeolite has shown high efficiency in converting the waste of wood plant materials — methyl levulinate — to gamma-valerolactone.