RUDN hosted the International Congress of Scientists – 2017, which united academics, researchers and professionals from Russia, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Taiwan, Iran, Australia and other countries who shared their research results. The congress was organized by RUDN and IPN Group association of scientists to help integrate Russian researchers in the international community. Participants worked in 3 sections, the largest being «International conference on engineering, technology and ecology», the 2 others – «International conference on economics, management and social sciences» and «International conference on fundamental and applied sciences».
It is important that the congress was attended not only by experienced Russian and international academics but young researchers as well. There had been dozens of applications and only 60 were chosen for the final collection of articles. Nur Kirabaev, RUDN Vice-Rector for research said that RUDN unites students from 154 countries and special attention is paid to interdisciplinary and applied works, medical mathematics, space flights modeling, comparative analysis of approaches to human rights protection and studying migration processes in different regions of the world.
RUDN soil scientists have revealed a direct correlation between the rate of soil formation of carbon dioxide, called CO2 emissions, and the content of microbial biomass in it. It is known that CO2 emission from soil is mainly conditioned by respiration of soil microorganisms and plant roots. The more CO2 soil emits, the more microbial biomass it usually contains. It was shown that CO2 emission by chernozem of different ecosystems (or different types of land use) correlates with the content of microbial biomass, and most closely with the rate of its microbial respiration. And the soil with good microbial properties has the “best quality”, is more fertile, provides the highest yield of crops and other plant biomass.
A RUDN chemist has synthesized a catalyst for the production of gamma-valerolactone — an energy-intensive “green” biofuel. The catalyst based on zirconium dioxide and zeolite has shown high efficiency in converting the waste of wood plant materials — methyl levulinate — to gamma-valerolactone.
Biochemists from RUDN University determined which substances in peach leaves provide the antioxidant effect their extract has. They investigated the composition of the powders obtained from leaves of several varieties of peach and found that high polyphenol content correlates with antioxidant properties. The results will help start production of antioxidants from natural sources.