COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) is one of the largest pan-European scientific programs, founded in 1971, with more than 40-year successful history of supporting scientific and technical projects, providing scientists with the opportunity to establish and develop interdisciplinary cooperation in all fields of science and technology. COST Action projects have been implemented for 4 years and during this time forming scientific and technical networks with regular meetings of researchers, who exchange experience and do creative work.
In March 2018, by the decision of COST headquarters in Brussels, the Institute of Applied Mathematics of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia joined the project «Integrated Wireless Networks of 5G and Higher Generations», which in COST Action CA15104 is called "Inclusive radio communication networks for 5G and beyond" (IRACON). The project is designed to provide breakthrough scientific developments and revolutionary approaches in the technologies of networks and radio access systems to strengthen the potential of science in research and innovation in Europe.
May 30 - June 1, 2018, Director of RUDN Institute of Applied Mathematics, professor K.Samuylov and associate professor Yu.V. Gaydamaka took part in the 7th meeting of the CAST IRACON Steering Committee and the 7th meeting of the working group members of the project in Cartagena, Spain. RUDN contributed a project «Resource Allocation and Sharing for Heterogeneous Data Collection over Conventional 3GPP LTE and Emerging NB-IoT Technologies». The project is approved by the Working Group # 3 (WG3) COST IRACON and recommended for inclusion in the project final document.
RUDN soil scientists have revealed a direct correlation between the rate of soil formation of carbon dioxide, called CO2 emissions, and the content of microbial biomass in it. It is known that CO2 emission from soil is mainly conditioned by respiration of soil microorganisms and plant roots. The more CO2 soil emits, the more microbial biomass it usually contains. It was shown that CO2 emission by chernozem of different ecosystems (or different types of land use) correlates with the content of microbial biomass, and most closely with the rate of its microbial respiration. And the soil with good microbial properties has the “best quality”, is more fertile, provides the highest yield of crops and other plant biomass.
A RUDN chemist has synthesized a catalyst for the production of gamma-valerolactone — an energy-intensive “green” biofuel. The catalyst based on zirconium dioxide and zeolite has shown high efficiency in converting the waste of wood plant materials — methyl levulinate — to gamma-valerolactone.
Biochemists from RUDN University determined which substances in peach leaves provide the antioxidant effect their extract has. They investigated the composition of the powders obtained from leaves of several varieties of peach and found that high polyphenol content correlates with antioxidant properties. The results will help start production of antioxidants from natural sources.