Start of the Year of Science and Technology: RUDN is ready for the year of science
Chemists, physicists, linguists and engineers - RUDN University scientists predict the future.
"The future of science lies in the development of information, bio- and nanotechnologies based on the rational and efficient use of natural resources and minimizing the negative impact on the environment, in order to enhance the interaction between science and production, which, in turn, will contribute to the development of the country's economy."
“Science is boundless per se - this is what made me go into science from the very beginning. Speaking about the development of modern chemistry, I can note that humanity's need is to create and use promising products with convenient parameters. Among them: inexhaustible resources, strength, lightness, plasticity, heat resistance, frost resistance, self-healing, ease of regulation - the list goes on and on. I think that in the next 10 years, discoveries will be made that will allow humanity to achieve these goals. The future belongs to smart materials.”
“In the next 5-10 years, I see rapid development of science in IT technologies and genetic engineering. All this will leave its mark on the development of the automotive industry. Already now, a modern car is a gadget on wheels. The future belongs to electric cars and hydrogen cars. But I believe that internal combustion engines will also improve, becoming more economical and environmentally friendly."
“I hope that in the near future our country will make a breakthrough in science and its application in high technologies. But this is possible only if the best principles for the construction of scientific research in the Soviet Union and modern highly developed countries of the world are combined. At the same time, it is necessary to completely renounce those destructive ideas that have been introduced into our science since 1985, and are still in effect.”
“The twentieth century was marked by colossal development of science and technology and, as a result, major changes in social development and world wars. No such breakthrough achievements in science are expected in the coming decades. Rather, one can expect a gradual accumulation of knowledge in biology and medicine, which will be among the main "drivers" in science, and artificial intelligence, virtual reality and other computer technologies will continue their expansion in technology and everyday life. Social development will be more peaceful, although, Like any development, it can be accompanied by local conflicts. However, environmental or epidemiological disasters can dramatically affect the course of social processes, and the global economy can lead to increased economic inequality. So far, science is not able to predict these complex processes, and society cannot control them. These are the most significant challenges in the coming years.”
“The world telecommunications network is the largest technical facility that human society has ever created to support its life. This network requires constant development and improvement, following the human needs for transmission, storage and processing huge, constantly growing amount of information. Therefore, practically in parallel with the creation of technologies, new ones are created, existing theories and methods of modeling and analysis of the performance of telecommunication networks are developed and modified."
“Now the dominance of information technologies in various fields of scientific activity is most noticeable. If we talk about the development of transport sciences, the trends of the next 5-10 years will be aimed at the development of artificial intelligence technologies and information systems. The development of the transport industry will be aimed at automating transport processes, creating an intelligent traffic management system and developing multimodal transport systems."
“It seems to me that linguistics of the near future should remember that “you shouldn't make a round-the-world trip to count cats in Zanzibar” (K. Geertz). In other words, don't try to apply ready-made schemes to a “new” material, look for new ways for solving complex problems and answering the challenges of our time. In this sense, linguistics has both great experience and a large field of application. And I would also like to make science more accessible to everyone. Popularization of knowledge is one of the main tasks facing a scientist. And the last thing: we need to encourage work in Russian, especially in the humanitarian field, otherwise we will hopelessly lag behind, because humanitarian thought develops in the word and is inextricably linked with it.”
Alexander Neverov, Irina Chernykh, Konstantin Gomonov graduated RUDN University and found themselves in systemic creativity. Now young scientists share their knowledge with students and reach new heights in science. The promising lecturers of RUDN University speak about what a young scientist is like and why students should do science.
University of the future
What planets will humans be able to visit? Are we going to drive an electric car? Will scientists create a cure for all diseases? Will humanity completely solve the problem of food shortages? Will a person get rid of environmental problems?
Maybe you are the one who will find the answers to these questions. Artificial intelligence predicts the future that you can influence.
Pay attention to the trends in the development of the aerospace industry and the principles of designing complex technical systems — and maybe you can take part in the development of a new spacecraft that will deliver astronauts to build the first outpost in the moon’s Shackleton Crater.
Pay attention to the technological processes in mechanical engineering and the study of the English technical language — and maybe it is you who will offer a way to charge the electric motor 5 times faster than in 2020, because electric cars are actively produced, and diesel and gasoline cars are already banned for sale in Germany, France and Great Britain.
Pay attention to the fundamentals of drug design and the study of heterocycles, which are widely used in pharmaceuticals — and maybe you will be the one who will develop a new medicine for dangerous and rare infectious diseases, for example, from polio or gas gangrene.
Pay attention to modern agricultural technologies and bioengineering in production processes. And maybe you will come up with a new way to produce food products from organic substances, because a big number of algae farms have become the largest agricultural industry.
Pay attention to modern methods of risk assessment in the environment and the principles of creating environmental management systems. And maybe you will create a new way of plastic recycling and solve the problem of pollution of the world’s oceans, because every year more plastic is thrown into reservoirs, and the problem of the “Great Pacific garbage patch” has not yet been resolved.
A mathematician from RUDN University developed a matrix representation of set functions. This approach is vivid and easy to check, and it makes the calculations easier. Among other things, the new development can be applied to cooperative game theory.
A chemist from RUDN University together with colleagues created a new type of two-dimensional nanofilm from an organic material called calixarene. The invention can be used as a protective coating in electronics and as a part of molecular filters. They also suggested a way of increasing the durability of such films with UV radiation.
A biologist from RUDN University confirmed that selenium nanoparticles and garlic extract can effectively reduce the negative impact of stress on the health of grass carp in the breeding industry.