Alexey Shkarubo, professor at the Department of Nervous Diseases and Neurosurgery at the Medical Institute of RUDN University, presented the invention for the first time at an exhibition in Geneva. Neurosurgical Stereo-Endoscope is a device for performing closed surgeries with minimal intervention into the body. The design feature of the device is a small outer diameter - only 4 mm. The invention provides for obtaining stereo images of objects, which allow to improve the quality of surgical care by improving the image quality and minimizing trauma. The exhibit can also be used to build neurosurgical stereo-endoscopes. Alexey Shkarubo, Naum Pinkhasik, Vladimir Semenov, Alexander Baygeldinov and Vasily Myrza worked on the project. Participants and visitors could familiarize themselves with the prototype of the invention.
In 2019, the event was marked by a high proportion of inventions related to health care, medicine, environment and safety.
The designs proposed for the demonstration were peer-reviewed and, based on the results of the work of the international jury, the best of them were awarded various medals, special prizes and diplomas, which contributed to their successful promotion to international markets.
The International Invention Exhibition in Geneva is the most important annual event in the world dedicated exclusively to inventions. All new items are exhibited for the first time. The purpose of the exhibition is to promote the development of the intellectual property market, the introduction of innovations in production and the development of contacts between developers and investors.
April 10-14, 2019 in the International Exhibition Center PALEXPO at the 47th International Exhibition of Inventions INVENTIONS GENEVA, China, Thailand, France, Italy, Malaysia, Switzerland, Iran, Spain and Russia presented their exhibits.
RUDN soil scientists have revealed a direct correlation between the rate of soil formation of carbon dioxide, called CO2 emissions, and the content of microbial biomass in it. It is known that CO2 emission from soil is mainly conditioned by respiration of soil microorganisms and plant roots. The more CO2 soil emits, the more microbial biomass it usually contains. It was shown that CO2 emission by chernozem of different ecosystems (or different types of land use) correlates with the content of microbial biomass, and most closely with the rate of its microbial respiration. And the soil with good microbial properties has the “best quality”, is more fertile, provides the highest yield of crops and other plant biomass.
A RUDN chemist has synthesized a catalyst for the production of gamma-valerolactone — an energy-intensive “green” biofuel. The catalyst based on zirconium dioxide and zeolite has shown high efficiency in converting the waste of wood plant materials — methyl levulinate — to gamma-valerolactone.
Biochemists from RUDN University determined which substances in peach leaves provide the antioxidant effect their extract has. They investigated the composition of the powders obtained from leaves of several varieties of peach and found that high polyphenol content correlates with antioxidant properties. The results will help start production of antioxidants from natural sources.