RUDN Agrarian and Technological Institute hosted Global Soil Map 2017 international conference where experts from the USA, Australia, Brazil, France, Holland, China and Russia proposed various solutions to the problems of global digital soil mapping and shared their elaborations in the theory and methods of soil mapping.
Nur Kirabaev, RUDN Vice-Rector for research noted the topicality of the conference in the digital era. The last soil map was made in 1985. New technologies and data allow elaborating a new one and to this end the Global Soil Map consortium has been set up.
Methods and approaches to making a new map have been discussed at international conferences and seminars – in Orleans (France) in 2013, Ottawa (Canada) in 2015 and Moscow, RUDN in 2017.
«The latest soil map is pretty outdated. We have been working on the new one for 6 years and are planning to finish in the early 20’s. The map will be available free on the Internet for everyone», says Igor Savin, RUDN professor and academician of RAS.
One of the challenges of soil mapping is lack of specialists who know digital technologies and speak foreign languages, and the problem is yet to be solved.
Participants of the conference- experts from the University of Sydney, (ТОP-50 QS), University of New South Wales, (TOP-50 QS), University of Wisconsin, (TOP-60 QS), Wageningen University, (TOP-150 QS) and ISRIC – World Soil Information foundation, MSU, RUDN, Timiryazev Academy and Dokuchaev Soil Institute worked in four sections.
A RUDN chemist has obtained a new compound — a dumbbell-shaped phosphate-bridged molybdenum cluster. The cluster accelerates the reaction of the formation of sulfides from oxides and can be used in pharmaceutical and cosmetic manufacturing.
Mathematicians from RUDN University have studied the properties of compositional operators in spaces with mixed Lebesgue norms. It will help describe the diffusion of liquids in materials with cracks and in porous materials. Such spaces are also useful for obtaining estimates for solutions to the Navier-Stokes equation.
A biophysicist from RUDN University and his colleagues modelled the molecular dynamics of growth of microtubules, the most important elements of cell activity. The researchers have built a model for the interaction of microtubule subunits, which takes into account their internal and external connections. The results will help form a more complete model of the dynamic instability of microtubules. It will allow choosing chemical agents for the treatment of certain diseases, including neoplasms and neurodegenerative pathologies.