The Encyclopedia of Pediatric Thoracoabdominal Oncological Surgery is the first monograph on this subject in Russia.
“The book summarizes and systematizes the vast experience in the field of pediatric as well as adult thoracoabdominal surgery accumulated in one of the leading institutes of the country — Radiology Research Center of the RF Ministry of Health. The encyclopedia will definitely become each pediatric oncologist-surgeon’s reference book,” says Mikhail Davydov, Doctor of medical sciences, professor, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, editor-in-chief of the Encyclopedia.
The monograph describes the current state of cancer surgery of children’s chest, abdominal and retroperitoneal tumors. The book details the features of cancer surgeries with clinical observations. Many complex surgeries to remove children’s malignant tumors were performed personally by Professor Ryabov and Professor Davydov.
“Transferring adult thoracoabdominal surgery technologies to children’s surgery is a decisive step for a qualitative breakthrough,” says Andrei Ryabov, MD, professor of the Department of Surgery and Oncology, Faculty of Continuing Medical Education of RUDN University.
Particular attention is paid to anesthesia and the choice of surgical access. In addition, epidemiology, statistics, basic classifications and methods of combined treatment are considered.
The encyclopedia will help practicing pediatric oncologists, pediatric surgeons and specialists involved in the diagnosis and treatment of children with thoracoabdominal tumors.
Andrei Ryabov — Professor, Department of Surgery and Oncology, Faculty of Continuing Medical Education, RUDN University, Deputy Director for Surgery, Radiology Research Center, RF Ministry of Health and Head of the Department of Thoracoabdominal Oncology Surgery, Herzen Radiology Institute.
A chemist from RUDN University has developed a catalyst for the production of eugenol acetate, a substance that destroys the larvae of mosquitoes transmitting dangerous diseases, being a safe chemical for human health.
RUDN soil scientists have revealed a direct correlation between the rate of soil formation of carbon dioxide, called CO2 emissions, and the content of microbial biomass in it. It is known that CO2 emission from soil is mainly conditioned by respiration of soil microorganisms and plant roots. The more CO2 soil emits, the more microbial biomass it usually contains. It was shown that CO2 emission by chernozem of different ecosystems (or different types of land use) correlates with the content of microbial biomass, and most closely with the rate of its microbial respiration. And the soil with good microbial properties has the “best quality”, is more fertile, provides the highest yield of crops and other plant biomass.
A RUDN chemist has synthesized a catalyst for the production of gamma-valerolactone — an energy-intensive “green” biofuel. The catalyst based on zirconium dioxide and zeolite has shown high efficiency in converting the waste of wood plant materials — methyl levulinate — to gamma-valerolactone.