Mathematical modeling in medicine gives a deep analysis of normal and pathological processes in the human body. In RUDN, experts of both sciences proposed common areas of work: mathematical modeling, simulation and data analysis are useful for studying cardiovascular diseases, renal dysfunction, cell biology, immunology, allergology, cardiology, clinical pharmacology, oncology and radiology.
"Mathematics provides powerful tools for developing life sciences and creating new solutions for diagnosis and treatment. Calculations in the study of stem cells already help with arthritis, to restore sensitivity after trauma and burns”, Professor Wolf Wieland of the University of Regensburg (Germany) shared the results of clinical trials. "In Russia there is strong mathematics and extensive experience in using it for medical purposes," the expert said.
Due to the limited possibilities of experimental research, a detailed study of the processes in the biomedia becomes especially important. This will not treat the symptoms and illnesses after their appearance, but systematically prevent their appearance.
"To understand the interrelated processes occurring in the human body, certain areas of medicine are not enough. The time has come for a new direction in life science, which unites medicine, mathematics and IT tools. The unification of efforts will open up the possibilities of personalized medicine, the pinpoint effect of drugs, and will also solve non-systemic problems - the causes of mutation and arrhythmia, "Professor Willi Jager of the University of Heidelberg (Germany). Special attention was paid to the mathematical approach to solving problems associated with sepsis.
The themes of RUDN round table covered questions of mathematical approaches in immunology, cardiology, oncology, urology and pharmacology. Famous scientists - mathematicians and physicians: Gennady Bocharov, Valentin Pavlov, Ralph Witzgall, Vitaliy Volpert, Revaz Sepiashvili, Zhanna Kobalava, Andrey Kostin and Pavel Ogurtsov took part in the round table.
A RUDN chemist has obtained a new compound — a dumbbell-shaped phosphate-bridged molybdenum cluster. The cluster accelerates the reaction of the formation of sulfides from oxides and can be used in pharmaceutical and cosmetic manufacturing.
Mathematicians from RUDN University have studied the properties of compositional operators in spaces with mixed Lebesgue norms. It will help describe the diffusion of liquids in materials with cracks and in porous materials. Such spaces are also useful for obtaining estimates for solutions to the Navier-Stokes equation.
A biophysicist from RUDN University and his colleagues modelled the molecular dynamics of growth of microtubules, the most important elements of cell activity. The researchers have built a model for the interaction of microtubule subunits, which takes into account their internal and external connections. The results will help form a more complete model of the dynamic instability of microtubules. It will allow choosing chemical agents for the treatment of certain diseases, including neoplasms and neurodegenerative pathologies.