RUDN professor Ricardo Valentini awarded a medal in physics and natural sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Italy
The award ceremony took place on May 10, in Rome. The Academy highly appreciated the contribution of Riccardo Valentini to the development of biogeochemistry research of forest ecosystems, metabolism and energy in natural and anthropogenic ecosystems, and analysis and modeling of climate change. At the turn of the century, when the issues of global climate change became particularly relevant, R. Valentini headed the largest projects of research on greenhouse gas flows in Europe, Africa, the USA: EURASIA-NET, CARBOEUROFLUX, CARBOEUROPE, CARBOAFRICA and CLIMAFRICA. In the late 90's, he became one of the initiators of the global monitoring network FLUXNET, the data of which are still the base of forecasting climate change on the planet. In 2005, R. Valentini became one of the founders of the Mediterranean Climate Change Center - currently the largest center of applied research in the field of adaptation of ecosystems to global changes in Western and Southern Europe. In 2007, for scientific achievements R. Valentini was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize as part of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and in 2015 - the Ernst Haeckel Prize of the Federation of European Environmental Associations, considered the most prestigious scientific award in the field of ecology. According to "Thomson Reuters" R. Valentini is one of the most quoted scientists in the world (188 publications in Scopus and WoS, H-index 59). At present R. Valentini continues active research work at the laboratory “Smart Technologies for Sustainable Development of the Urban Environment in the Conditions of Global Change”, elaborating a network of high-frequency monitoring of the state of green plantations “Smart Urban Trees”, whish is due to be tested in experimental sites in Moscow already this year.
A team of linguists from RUDN University established that a person’s ability to accurately differentiate between vowel sounds of a foreign language correlates with the size of their vocabulary in said language.
A geneticist from RUDN University studied the effect of Bifidobacterium (intestinal bacteria) on the inflammatory process and discovered that their surface protein is capable of stopping excessive or uncontrollable inflammation, like the one observed in COVID-19 patients. A fragment of this protein can be used as an anti-inflammatory medication when treating coronavirus and other diseases.
A mathematician from RUDN University developed a matrix representation of set functions. This approach is vivid and easy to check, and it makes the calculations easier. Among other things, the new development can be applied to cooperative game theory.